Most period cottages date to the twentieth century or the late nineteenth, after the heyday of Victorian architecture in America and well after so many wonderful Romantic era homes. Oh how I love the examples of pattern book houses by Alexander Jackson Davis--but I digress-- (this topic deserves a post all unto itself).
There is the Gothic Revival, which really is more of a romantic period Victorian style home, but I think it still fits in the category of period cottages somewhat. Many of these were built earlier (mid and late 19th century) than most period homes. The Gothic Revival Style was commonly selected for churches, even in the countryside.
The Tudor Revival cottage is one of my favorites. I love the use of various materials, the steep gables, and the half-timbering. I especially love the prominent chimneys often located on the facade of homes and the arched entries. Tudor Revival houses for me evoke a sense of a little English garden cottage in the countryside.
The Colonial Revival is perhaps the most widespread and common period cottage. Some historians give the Colonial Revival a class all its own because of its popularity. The house below features symmetrical placement of bays, a prominent dormer window, and classical broken pediment entry surround.
Many of these buildings are commonly found throughout the National Park System and were even built by the CCC during the 1930s. They used natural elements and materials found in the landscapes they occupied and displayed traditional forms of building technology such as log construction.
Spanish Revival and Mission Revival
This style was popular during the 1920s and 1930s, especially in the south and the southwest. Spanish or Mission Revival houses were usually constructed of stucco, featured terra cotta tile roofs, and often times had metal casement windows. Some Spanish Revival homes take the form of bungalows, while others are more eclectic cottages with courtyards and patios.
|Fort Bragg Officer's Housing in Normandy Heights, courtesy of Fort Bragg CRMP|
There are certainly more period cottage styles out there but these are just a few of my favorites. Do you have a favorite one?